The Maroon Kingdom of Palmares Robert Southey

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The Maroon Kingdom of Palmares  by  Robert Southey

The Maroon Kingdom of Palmares by Robert Southey
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“The Maroon Kingdom of Palmares” is a description of a seventeenth-century state created by escaped slaves in northeastern Brazil. It was written in the early nineteenth century by the English Romantic poet Robert Southey (1774-1843).Southey was aMore“The Maroon Kingdom of Palmares” is a description of a seventeenth-century state created by escaped slaves in northeastern Brazil. It was written in the early nineteenth century by the English Romantic poet Robert Southey (1774-1843).Southey was a prolific and eclectic writer.

He was the author of poems, such as “After Blenheim”, “Among His Books”, “Bishop Hatto and the Rats”, and “The Inchcape Rock”. He also wrote a number of biographies, including works devoted to John Bunyan, John Wesley, William Cowper, Oliver Cromwell, and, perhaps most famously, Horatio Nelson. His biography of Admiral Nelson was adapted into a 1926 British film, “Nelson”. Southey also wrote a number of children’s books. The best known of these was “The Story of the Three Bears”, the original of the famous Goldilocks story that has since become a fixture of western children’s literature and entertainment.Aside from writing poetry, biographies, and children’s stories, Southey was also a historian who studied Portuguese and Spanish literature and history.

He was responsible for translating a number of Iberian texts into English. His interest in Portuguese and Spanish history led him to write a “History of Brazil”, where he described the fall of the Brazilian Maroon kingdom of Palmares.Palmares, sometimes called Angola Janga, was a polity created by runaway slaves in the northeastern Brazilian captaincy of Pernambuco in the seventeenth century. In the seventeenth century Brazil was a Portuguese colony. The Portuguese colonists had developed their South American colony’s tropical northeast into a major sugar producing region.

The sugar production depended on the labor of thousands of enslaved workers brought from Africa.Some of these slaves escaped into the interior to become Maroons. These Maroons lived in settlements known as quilombos or mocambos. In the seventeenth century the Dutch invaded Brazil, hoping to take control of the colony’s sugar wealth.Subsequent fighting between the Dutch and Portuguese allowed large numbers of slaves to escape into the interior.

In a region called Palmares the mocambos grew until a large kingdom was established. This kingdom had a powerful army and raided the settlers’ plantations.Finally, the kingdom was destroyed by a large Portuguese and indigenous army, led by a Tupi-speaking Bandeirante named Domingos Jorge Velho, in 1694. The king of Palmares, Zumbi (or Zombi) was captured and executed. Today Zumbi is one of the best known Afro-Brazilians in Brazil. He has been recognized as a national hero and statues or busts of him have been erected in major Brazilian cities, including Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro, and Salvador in Bahia.



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